How was revolutionary system of Democracy invented?
A democracy was one of the first forms of self-rule government in ancient Greece. System and ideas used by the ancient Greeks influenced the development of democracy and helped shape the formation of the United States government.
Democracy was created by the ancient Greeks. Democracy is derived from two Greek words meaning people (demos) and rule (kratos). Democracies emphasize the role of citizens in the government of their countries, whether directly or through elected representatives. Additionally, it supports the idea that peaceful transfers of power may replace violent uprisings and revolutions. In this sense, democracy is defined by the fact that the people can speak for themselves.Athens had the world’s first democracy. Democracy developed in Athens around the 5th century B.C.E. The Greek idea of democracy differed from modern democracy because all adult citizens were required to take part in government. When they failed to perform their duties, they were fined and sometimes marked with red paint. In ancient Athens, citizenship was defined differently than it is today: only free men were citizens. A woman, a child, or a slave could not vote since they weren’t citizens.
In ancient Athens, 500 names were chosen each year from all the citizens. For one year, these citizens served in the government. During that period, they made new laws and controlled all aspects of the political process. All Athens citizens had a chance to vote on new laws when they were proposed. In order to vote, citizens had to be present at the assembly on the day of the election. In this case, direct democracy was practiced.
Representative democracy is a feature of the United States. As opposed to voting directly on the laws that govern the people, citizens in a representative democracy elect representatives who create and amend the laws that govern the people.
The great political experiments of all time began in Athens
One of the great political experiments of all time began in Athens 510 BC when people rose up and threw the tyrannical ruler , the first meeting began at “Pnyx” hill near Acropolis and established a public assembly where all male members had freedom of speech on how the city state should run , the Greeks described it in 2 words (demos – people and Kartos – power to rule)
Demo -kartos the rule of the people now know as DEMOCRACY, after 20 years they had to fight the Persians who ruled most of the land around that area.
There army came to swallow up the Athnenian fledging democracy, the 2 cities met near the short distance at a place called MARATHON.
The Greeks knew they are outnumbered 2 to 1 , they had to come with a strategy and the army was not a professional army but people who were craftsman, farmers and traders, till that time no Greek army had ever defeated the Persian army, the Persian ruler Datis simply thought the Greeks will surrender but Miltades the Athenian ruler had some other plans.
He made the center weak and attacked the Persians , Persians soon were able to beat center and then he ordered the army from sides and Persians were caught and brutally killed over 6000 Persians were killed and fewer than 2000 Athenians died, the Greek soldiers died for the Democracy.
An era of confidence and expansion started after the Greeks win and the finest culture of the ancient world, the Pathoneian itself shows the architecture of Greek culture is an offering thanks to Athenian victory over the Persians through this democracy had been saved , just because of that day a new era of democracy was formed ,had it been failed it would have been forgotten.
There are many faces of Democracy.
Democracy’s history is sometimes written triumphantly, as if we now know the end goal, and what the historian must do is chart how fast and effectively different people have achieved it. A history like this comes dangerously close to self-congratulation (not to mention national self-congratulation). As a result, it is hard to think about how democratic ideas and practices have changed and continue to change, nor can we expect their development to be littered with challenges, sometimes leading to their modification, at other times to their more or less universal rejection. There are many faces and histories to democracy. The springs from which it is likely to be renewed will not be revealed until hindsight.